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Shares contract

Similarly, we will implement another PSP-22 token which will represent the ownership of assets available by the smart contract to be lent. In this token, we will need PSP-22 Metadata and we will also need to mint and burn this token. We only want our contract(lending contract) to perform these actions, so we will also add the Ownable extension.

Definition of the Shares trait#

In the traits/, we will define a Shares trait. That trait contains the next super traits: PSP22, PSP22Mintable, PSP22Burnable, PSP22Metadata, and Ownable, without any other method. That shows that Shares is PSP22 with mint and burn methods that can be called only by the owner. In the implementation of the contract, we will implement that trait to be sure that all super traits are also implemented. SharesRef can be used by other developers to do a cross contract call to SharesContract.

use brush::contracts::traits::{    ownable::*,    psp22::{        extensions::{            burnable::*,            metadata::*,            mintable::*,        },        *,    },};
#[brush::wrapper]pub type SharesRef = dyn PSP22 + PSP22Mintable + PSP22Burnable + PSP22Metadata + Ownable;
#[brush::trait_definition]pub trait Shares: PSP22 + PSP22Mintable + PSP22Burnable + PSP22Metadata + Ownable {}

Add dependencies#

In addition to the dependencies imported in the PSP-22 documentation, we will also add the ownable dependency the same way as in the ownable documentation. We will be using SharesContract as a dependency in our lending contract to instantiate it. So we need to also add the "rlib" crate type to have the ability to import the SharesContract as a dependency.

Implement the contract#

Implementing our shares contract will follow the same steps as implementing the basic PSP-22 contract in the previous step, but we will do some small changes for the token to be mintable, burnable, and for these functions to be restricted. Therefore, on top of the imports in the previous contract, we also need these imports:

#![cfg_attr(not(feature = "std"), no_std)]#![feature(min_specialization)]
/// This contract will be used to represent the shares of a user/// and other instance of this contract will be used to represent/// the amount of borrowed tokens#[brush::contract]pub mod shares {    use brush::contracts::{        ownable::*,        psp22::extensions::{            burnable::*,            metadata::*,            mintable::*,        },    };
    use brush::modifiers;
    use ink_lang::codegen::Env;
    use ink_prelude::string::String;    use ink_storage::traits::SpreadAllocate;
    use lending_project::traits::shares::*;

Define the storage#

In this storage, we will also derive the storage trait related to Ownable and declare the field related to this trait.

/// Define the storage for PSP22 data, Metadata data and Ownable data#[ink(storage)]#[derive(Default, SpreadAllocate, PSP22Storage, OwnableStorage, PSP22MetadataStorage)]pub struct SharesContract {    #[PSP22StorageField]    psp22: PSP22Data,    #[OwnableStorageField]    ownable: OwnableData,    #[PSP22MetadataStorageField]    metadata: PSP22MetadataData,}

Implement the extension traits#

We will be using these extensions in our token, so we will implement them for our storage.

// implement PSP22 Trait for our shareimpl PSP22 for SharesContract {}
// implement Ownable Trait for our shareimpl Ownable for SharesContract {}
// implement Metadata Trait for our shareimpl PSP22Metadata for SharesContract {}
// It forces the compiler to check that you implemented all super traitsimpl Shares for SharesContract {}

Implement the Burnable and Mintable traits#

Now we will implement the PSP22Burnable and PSP22Mintable traits. These are a little different so we are doing it in a separate section. We don't want anybody to mint or burn the tokens, we only want the owner, in this case, our lending contract, to do it. So we will add the PSP22Burnable and PSP22Mintable and mark the functions of these traits with the only_owner restriction.

// implement Mintable Trait for our shareimpl PSP22Mintable for SharesContract {    /// override the `mint` function to add the `only_owner` modifier    #[ink(message)]    #[modifiers(only_owner)]    fn mint(&mut self, account: AccountId, amount: Balance) -> Result<(), PSP22Error> {        self._mint(account, amount)    }}
// implement Burnable Trait for our shareimpl PSP22Burnable for SharesContract {    /// override the `burn` function to add the `only_owner` modifier    #[ink(message)]    #[modifiers(only_owner)]    fn burn(&mut self, amount: Balance) -> Result<(), PSP22Error> {        self._burn(self.env().caller(), amount)    }
    /// override the `burn_from` function to add the `only_owner` modifier    #[ink(message)]    #[modifiers(only_owner)]    fn burn_from(&mut self, account: AccountId, amount: Balance) -> Result<(), PSP22Error> {        self._burn_from(account, amount)    }}

This will restrict accounts other than the owner of the token (which will be the lending contract) from calling these functions.

Define the constructor#

Finally, we will define the constructor where we will set the name and the symbol of the token and then initialize the owner of the token (which then will be able to mint and burn the tokens).

impl SharesContract {    /// constructor with name and symbol    #[ink(constructor)]    pub fn new(name: Option<String>, symbol: Option<String>) -> Self {        ink_lang::codegen::initialize_contract(|instance: &mut SharesContract| {            let caller = instance.env().caller();   = name;            instance.metadata.symbol = symbol;            instance.metadata.decimals = 18;            instance._init_with_owner(caller);        })    }}